News, research and legislation regarding the use and effectiveness of medical marijuana

New York became the 23rd state to legalize some form of medical marijuana.

The law went into effect upon the governers signature. Doctors may perscribe marijuana to individuals with the following medical conditons: Cancer, HIV/AIDS, ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease), Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord damage causing spasticity, epilepsy, inflammatory bowel disease, neuropathies, or Huntington’s disease. Maximum possession is a 30 day supply that is to be determined by a physician. The bill does not approve smoking as a method of consumption.

Legality 2014 - US Map (2)

In a survey of ALS patients, those currently using marijuana reported very effective treatment effects on many ALS symptoms.

Neurology April 8, 2014 vol. 82 no. 10 Supplement P3.014

Illinois legalized possession and medical use of marijuana for those with the proper documentation.

The medical conditions which are approved by the state of Illinois for a medical certificate are 40 chronic diseases and conditions: cancer, glaucoma, positive status for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), hepatitis C, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Crohn’s disease, agitation of Alzheimer’s disease, cachexia/wasting syndrome, muscular dystrophy, severe fibromyalgia, spinal cord disease (including but not limited to arachnoiditis), Tarlov cysts, hydromyelia syringomyelia, Rheumatoid arthritis, fibrous dysplasia, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury and post concussion syndrome, Multiple Sclerosis, Arnold-Chiari malformation and Syringomelia, Spinocerebellar Ataxia (SCA), Parkinson’s Disease, Tourette Syndrome, Myoclonus, Dystonia, Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, RSD (Complex Regional Pain Syndromes Type I), Causalgia, CRPS (Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type II), Neurofibromatosis, Chronic inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy, Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy, Sjogren’s Syndrome, Lupus, Interstitial Cystitis, Myasthenia Gravis, Hydrocephalus, nail-patella syndrome or residual limb pain; Debilitating medical conditions include 40 chronic diseases and conditions: cancer, glaucoma, positive status for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), hepatitis C, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Crohn’s disease, agitation of Alzheimer’s disease, cachexia/wasting syndrome, muscular dystrophy, severe fibromyalgia, spinal cord disease (including but not limited to arachnoiditis), Tarlov cysts, hydromyelia syringomyelia, Rheumatoid arthritis, fibrous dysplasia, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury and post concussion syndrome, Multiple Sclerosis, Arnold-Chiari malformation and Syringomelia, Spinocerebellar Ataxia (SCA), Parkinson’s Disease, Tourette Syndrome, Myoclonus, Dystonia, Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, RSD (Complex Regional Pain Syndromes Type I), Causalgia, CRPS (Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type II), Neurofibromatosis, Chronic inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy, Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy, Sjogren’s Syndrome, Lupus, Interstitial Cystitis, Myasthenia Gravis, Hydrocephalus, nail-patella syndrome or residual limb pain.

A patient may possess up to 2.5 ounces over the period of 14 days. Patients in the state of Illinois are not allowed to cultivate their own marijuana.

Connecticut legalized the possession and consumption of marijuana for patients with valid registration certificates.

In order to qualify patients must be Connecticut citizens, over the age of 18, and can not be prison inmates or under the supervision of the department of corrections.

The conditions for which one can obtain a medical license are: Cancer, glaucoma, positive status for human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome [HIV/AIDS], Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity, epilepsy, cachexia, wasting syndrome, Crohn’s disease, posttraumatic stress disorder, or… any medical condition, medical treatment or disease approved by the Department of Consumer Protection.

Medical patients may possess an amount of usable marijuana reasonably necessary to ensure uninterrupted availability for a period of one month, as determined by the Department of Consumer Protection.

The District of Columbia legalized the use of medical marijuana.

The approved medical conditions that marijuana can be perscribed for by the state are: HIV, AIDS, cancer, glaucoma, conditions characterized by severe and persistent muscle spasms, such as multiple sclerosis; patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy, or using azidothymidine
or protease inhibitors.

Patients may purchase up to two ounces of dried medical marijuana per month, or other products which are equivalent to two ouces of dry marijuana.

Ballot Amendment 20 decriminalized the use and cultivation of marijuana for Colorado citizens possessing the legal documentation that states marijuana benefits them medically.

The medical conditions for which marijuana can be perscribed are:Cancer, glaucoma, HIV/AIDS positive, cachexia; severe pain; severe nausea; seizures, including those that are characteristic of epilepsy; or persistent muscle spasms, including those that are characteristic of multiple sclerosis. A patient or primary caregiver maybe possess up to two ounces of usable marijuana, and up to 6 plants, which only as few as 3 may be mature at one time.

Hawaii granted people with a medical certificate protection from state level legal punishment and the right to use and cultivate marijuana for medical use.

The medical conditions approved by the state of Hawaii in order to obtain a medical license are: Cancer, glaucoma, positive status for HIV/AIDS; A chronic or debilitating disease or medical condition or its treatment that produces cachexia or wasting syndrome, severe pain, severe nausea, seizures, including those characteristic of epilepsy, or severe and persistent muscle spasms, including those characteristic of multiple sclerosis or Crohn’s disease. Other conditions are subject to approval by the Hawaii Department of Health.

A patient may possess three mature plants, four immature plants, and and ounce of usable marijuana for every mature plant.

Alaska decriminalized the use, cultivation, and possession of marijuana for residents who possess documentation from a licensed physician who stated they would benefit medically in some way from marijuana.

Physicians may perscribe marijuana for the following medical conditions:Cachexia, cancer, chronic pain, epilepsy and other disorders characterized by seizures, glaucoma, HIV or AIDS, multiple sclerosis and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity, and nausea. Patients or their caregivers may possess up to an ounce of usable marijuana, and may grow as many as 6 plants, only 3 of which may be mature at one time.

California decriminalized the use, possession, and cultivation of marijuana for citizens who have received either written or oral permission from physicians stating that they will benefit medically from marijuana.

The conditions approved by the state of California are: AIDS, anorexia, arthritis, cachexia, cancer, chronic pain, glaucoma, migraine, persistent muscle spasms, including spasms associated with multiple sclerosis, seizures, including seizures associated with epilepsy, severe nausea; Other chronic or persistent medical symptoms. Medical patients or their care givers may possess no more than 8 ounces or marijuana, and 6 mature plants(or up to 12 immature plants). S.B. 420 permits patients the abilitity to possess more if recomended by a physician. The legislation also allows counties and municipalities to approve and/or maintain local ordinances permitting patients to possess larger quantities of medicinal pot than allowed under the new state guidelines.

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